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FAQ

Eva Solo & ReSea Project

How is Eva Solo part of the campaign for plastic-free oceans?

Via its collaboration with ReSea Project, Eva Solo is responsible for retrieving 3,500 kg (3.5 tonnes) of plastic from the ocean annually. A typical half-litre disposable water bottle weighs 20 grammes, so that Eva Solo’s contribution and involvement in ReSea Project is equivalent to removing 175,000 plastic bottles from the ocean.

Can Eva Solo use the ocean waste plastic collected to produce new bottles for beverages?

Recycled plastic from the ocean may not be used for products that are in direct contact with food or beverages such as water, coffee or juice. But if you use a refillable bottle for your beverages, you will be helping to make a difference for the environment. Surveys show that a refillable bottle spares the environment of around 1,500 half-litre bottles per year (source).

How is the plastic collected?

All of the plastic is collected according to a well-documented process, to ensure the full transparency of the work performed, with due respect for ecosystems and animal life. In the spring of 2021, ReSea Project was the second enterprise in the world to achieve a certified collection process for ocean waste plastic. The collection process is certified by global quality assurance provider DNV GL. This certification by an independent third party ensures that the plastic is traceable right back to where it was retrieved from the ocean and rivers. This ensures the required trust and transparency for plastic collected from water bodies, and the real difference this makes in reducing plastic waste in our oceans.

In cooperation with DNV GL, ReSea Project has developed a digital tracking system based on blockchain technology that makes it possible to track the plastic from when it is retrieved in nets from the sea, until it is delivered for further recycling and waste handling. All of ReSea Project's plastic collectors use the tracking system to document every stage of the collection process with images and coordinates, so that ReSea Project can monitor all collection, while DNV GL can verify this data without having to be physically present at the collection locations.

Can ocean waste plastic be recycled?

Yes, it can. Much of the plastic that is collected can be recycled, although the plastic may not be used for food, or for the manufacture of products that are in contact with beverages such as water, juice and coffee.

In view of the growing need for green solutions, more and more new companies specialise in recirculating plastic. They can increasingly find new uses for even the most resilient types of plastic waste that was discarded long ago. Much of the plastic collected under ReSea Project can be recycled, due to the strategic positions of the collection locations. This means that, in many cases, the plastic can be recovered before it has spent too long in the water, so that it is less damaged by salt water and UV rays. Yet a big effort is still needed to recycle as much as possible of the plastic that is collected. ReSea Project is therefore working hard to create additional partnerships with public and private entities, so that more of them can recycle the total volume of certified ocean plastic, serving the new purpose of reducing global production of conventional plastic.

How is the plastic recycled?

This depends on the purpose. ReSea Project ensures that the plastic is sorted and delivered to state-controlled ‘Waste Banks’, which undertake the further distribution of the plastic. The plastic is reused by shredding (where the plastic is shredded into tiny pieces), and granulation (where the plastic is melted down and converted to granulate). Some of the plastic is used for heavy-duty plastic products (such as window blinds, plastic boxes, pallets, cement and the construction industry), or for packaging, textiles and similar purposes. But not for packaging in contact with food or products used on the skin.

Which types of plastic does ReSea Project collect?

ReSea Project collects all plastic waste from the ocean and rivers, although the following types of plastic are most common:

    • PET (plastic bottles in particular are a major problem in the ocean and countryside)
    • HDPE (plastic bags of more durable quality, as used by supermarkets)
    • LDPE (thinner disposable bags, bubble wrap and clingfilm)
    • PP (screw lids, straws and cream tubs)
    • PVC (credit cards, plastic tubes and synthetic leather)
    • PS (plastic foam, frequently used for take-away packaging)

What happens to the plastic that is collected?

Based on information from the various different recovery sites, ReSea Project has the following estimated distribution: 70% recycled and 30% that cannot be recycled. ReSea Project passes on the plastic to state-controlled recycling stations, which ensure that as much as possible of the plastic is recycled for different purposes. This estimate may fluctuate, however, since it depends on which areas the plastic is collected from, and the condition of the plastic. As from 2021, it is therefore a core area for ReSea Project to find more and more partners that can receive and recycle even the most resilient types of plastic. The aim is to come as close as possible to 100%.

The plastic that cannot be recycled is sent to a state-controlled landfill. This is by no means ideal, but controlled landfills do ensure environmental inspection, in contrast to many private landfills in Indonesia. ReSea Project is convinced that, whatever its condition and type, plastic does not belong in the ocean. We remove all of the plastic waste we find, since, all other things being equal, it can be controlled better on land. Fortunately, Indonesia’s government has acknowledged the importance of addressing the plastic waste problem. They are therefore constructing 12 incineration plants to convert landfill waste into green energy. There is also increasing private investment in recycling plants in Indonesia, which contributes to better handling of plastic and other waste.

Who are ReSea Project?

To promote environmental sustainability, in 2015 the Danish packaging manufacturer Pack Tech A/S started up the Ocean Waste Plastic (OWP) brand with the aim of encouraging companies all over the world to use packaging made from PCR (Post-Consumer-Recycled) plastic, which eliminates precisely the same volumes of plastic from oceans and rivers. As more and more brands, particularly in the cosmetics and beauty industry, replaced their traditional plastic packaging with OWP, Pack Tech A/S also saw growing interest from companies that, rather than a packaging requirement, had a specific wish to be more environmentally sustainable and help to tackle the problem of waste plastic in our oceans. This resulted in the establishment of ReSea Project as a collection solution that enables any type of company to become directly involved in tackling the greatest environmental threat to our planet.

ReSea Project is an enterprise dedicated to the mission of eliminating plastic pollution of our oceans. This collection solution, which is based on the circular economy, and run by local communities in Indonesia, is not only addressing the issue of the plastic clogging up our oceans and rivers. It is also creating jobs and economic growth in impoverished local communities, as a key aspect of ReSea Project's work. By ensuring good working conditions and assisting the teams of plastic collectors and their families financially, these families’ social circumstances are greatly improved, enabling them to pay for their children's schooling and improve their general living conditions. According to CEIC, minimum wages in Indonesia were equivalent to just DKK 680 per month in 2019. ReSea Project pays an average of DKK 3,000 per month to their plastic collectors in Indonesia.

ReSea Project is present in the local community to provide information about correct waste handling. By involving companies all over the world, and through partnerships with relevant stakeholders, there is focus on how plastic pollution is a global problem that requires global responsibility and action to eliminate the threat to ecosystems, animal life and people. ReSea Project’s activities are increasing as more and more companies across the world join the campaign to eliminate plastic waste from our oceans.

Why does ReSea Project only operate in Indonesia?

Indonesia is the world's second-largest contributor to ocean waste plastic. It is estimated that 15% of the world’s annual discharge of ocean waste plastic stems from Indonesia. This country is also affected by how western countries ship their waste to Indonesia, which is a burden on the limited resources to handle the large amounts of waste piling up in the country. Despite an inadequate waste handling infrastructure, Indonesians are good at recycling many types of plastic. Yet more private investment is needed, from domestic and international sources, to contribute to the development and induce the government to take more action to prevent plastic waste pollution. Since Indonesia is also affected by poverty and unemployment, ReSea Project can work to eliminate plastic waste while also improving social conditions in local communities, as more and more companies become involved. ReSea Project wishes to cover more locations in Indonesia, but the wider ambition is to spread the solution to other parts of the world with similar social and environmental problems. In normal circumstances, the team of plastic collectors work as fishermen in Indonesia. But due to plastic pollution and low incomes, it is difficult for them to catch fish and make a living. ReSea Project enables these fishermen to supplement their income by removing plastic waste from the ocean and rivers.

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Replace the disposable plastic bottle or coffee cup with a reusable solution and support cleanup of the ocean at the same time